On Friday (January 4) we also visted Capernaum. Capernaum is a town on the northern shore of the Sea of Galilee.
Capernaum is a big deal because it was Jesus' home base for the last three years of his life. It was the home of at least four of the disciples – Andrew, Peter, James and John – all fishermen! Capernaum was the best fishing village on the Sea of Galilee and it was where Jesus recruited these men, and perhaps others. It served as the home base for he and his disciples for three years. He was the most famous and controversial figure of this small town.
If you want to read some things about Capernaum – check out these passages from Matthew:
- Matthew 4:13 – Announcing it was becoming his home base (moving from Nazareth)
- Matthew 8:5-13 – Jesus healing a Centurian's servant from a distance
- Matthew 11:23-24 – Jesus telling of the lack fo faith in Capernaum
Mark mentions many times that Jesus taught in the Synagogue in Capernaum.
This is the synagogue in Capernaum. However, it isn't the first century Synagogue, but it sits in the same location. It is unbelievable to imagine that Jesus taught in this very location!
This is the western wall of the Synagogue is significant. It is believed that the balsalt foundation of this synagogue is the foundation of the 1st century synagogue where Christ would have done a majority of his teaching.
This final photo from Capernaum is what is likely a 5th century church built on top of Peter's home. The reason it is "likely" and not "for sure" is because about 60 years after the crucifixion of Christ, they found a sign on the plaster of a home in Capernaum saying, "The home of Peter." Oral tradition was the primary means of information and certainly there were some still alive 60 years later who could publicly renounce the claim of it being Peter's home. That is why most archeologists are willing to say "likely" the home of Peter.